Glossary of Ownership Types

From Keywen



America is a country that was founded on the idea that citizens have rights. [1]

America is one nation under a Constitution. [2]

America was a majority homeowning country by 1950, and today fully seven out of ten families own the house they live in. [3]

America was different. [4]

America was founded on an idea known as "natural rights," at least as part of our founding myth. [5]


Authors are advised that no revisions of the manuscript can be made after acceptance by the Editor for publication. [6]

Authors are also encouraged to deposit materials used in their studies to the appropriate repositories for distribution to researchers. [7]

Authors are available for print or broadcast interviews. [8]

Authors are encouraged in addition to consult reporting guidelines relevant to their specific research design. [9]

Authors are encouraged to provide HTML versions of the paper, as well as electronic forms of any applicable data sets or executable code. [10]

Authors are encouraged to set up a hot-link from their home page to the abstract of their paper published in the online journal. [11]

Authors are entitled to a minimum of 2 authors' copies of foreign editions. [12]

Authors are expected to submit manuscripts, disks, and art that are free from error. [13]

Authors are in the king position. [14]

Authors are paid on the basis of a royalty from sales of their book. [15]

Authors are permitted to post the title and abstract of their articles on any web site. [16]

Authors are responsible for ensuring that a blind review process can take place. [17]

Authors are responsible for incorporating any revisions requested by reviewers or editors into a new digital version of the manuscript. [18]

Authors are responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce copyrighted material from other sources. [19]

Authors are responsible for the accuracy to their references. [20]

Authors are responsible for the contents of their papers, including changes made by the copy editor. [21]

Authors are the product of an economic system, not the product of creative minds. [22]

Authors are thus compelled to publish and to accept humiliating conditions. [23]

Authors are to include in electronic courses and scholarly web sites only those texts and other materials in which they hold copyright. [24]

Authors are to reply and offer their views within fourteen (14) days of receiving notification from the University. [25]


The book is a history of modern global power, but Mandelbaum's analysis includes no individual heroes or leaders. [26]

The book is a vital contribution to writing the real history of the revolution. [27]

The book is an excellent source for key facts about just about every gun control issue. [28]

The book is an important one in the professor's field that she needs for her research. [29]

The book was an epic of combat between good and evil, and appealed strongly to Hippies. Combat? Yes, Hippies had an aggressive side. [30]


Capitalism is a social system based on the principle of individual rights. [31]

Capitalism is a social system based on the recognition of individual rights, including property rights, in which all property is privately owned. [32]

Capitalism is one of the two things all anarchists oppose. [33]

Capitalism is the great leveller of the working class, the great abolisher of individuality. [34]

Capitalism is the political manifestation of the human condition: We are free to do good or evil, and in society we need to keep this in mind. [35]

Capitalism is the product of those who practice it. [36]

Capitalism was tamed by the communist culture long ago. [37]


Citizens are entitled to submit complaints and petitions. [38]

Citizens are free to engage in scientific, literary and artistic pursuits. [39]

Citizens are free to pursue personal endeavors free from governmental supervision or restrictions. [40]

Citizens are guaranteed freedom of speech, of the press, of assembly, demonstration and association. [41]

Citizens are guaranteed inviolability of the person and the home and privacy of correspondence. [42]

Citizens are organized in small groups (8 to 12 people) who meet at their convenience over a three week period, three or four times a year. [43]


Claims are a series of statements, which recite the invention in the most general way possible. [44]

Claims are either "independent" or "dependent." An independent claim is simply a claim which does not refer back to another claim. [45]

Claims are filled from the original request. If your library makes the decision to send a duplicate claim, please identify it as DUPLICATE. [46]


Collective ownership is a growing phenomenon in the United States, and worker-owned firms are now an integral part of the American economic landscape. [47]

Collective ownership is like this. [48]

Collective ownership is the practice of saying that the whole team owns the code jointly, so any pair can improve any part at any time. [49]


Collective property is a different idea: here the community as a whole determines how important resources are to be used. [50]

Collective property is a form of property over means of production. [51]

Collective property is what private property, capital, and the means of production are in capitalist societies. [52]


Many common-property regimes do efficiently regulate the joint use and management of a resource. []

Selected case studies support the authors' argument that ecological sustainability can be achieved under common-property resource management regimes. []


A "commons" is any resource that is shared by a community. [53]

A commons is a place, a real physical space or an more ephermal information space, that is not privately owned. [54]

The commons is a general term for shared resources in which each stakeholder has an equal interest. [55]

The commons was a metaphor for the whole world and the resources it provided. [56]

The commons was both an essential part of everyday living and a backup system maintained in reserve. [57]


Common Property is any land or space that is not within a unit. [58]

Common property is a case in which property rights simply do not exist. [59]

Common property is a chosen structure, not inherent. [60]

Common property is a formal or informal property regime that allocates a bundle of rights to a group. [61]

Common property is a property that is owned by all; nobody in a country can be excluded from the ownership and authority over that property. [62]

Common property is a resource that is either owned by no-one, or owned by a collective or the state. [63]

Common property is a third category of ownership. [64]

Common property is one important way of ensuring that communities have the confident expectation of long-term use of the land. [65]

Here the term "common property" becomes almost synonymous with "community-based tenure system" or the older "communal land tenure". [66]

The particular aspect which this paper considers is the understanding and interpretation of the term "common property" among two important groups of people. [67]


Companies are buying the words used in search engines, leaving open the possibility that our language itself may be open for acquisition. [68]

Companies are increasingly supporting Linux as over other operating systems. [69]

Companies are invoiced by their Knowledge Base Partners, normally quarterly. [70]

Companies are noting that it is getting harder to find employees who have the computer and technology-related expertise that is needed for high-paying jobs. [71]

Companies are often unwilling to license new products that cost more - matter how good they are. [72]

The companies are required to develop and market the invention. [73]

The companies are suing the government in a landmark case that centres on patent rights and the cost of medicines in poorer countries. [74]


A compilation is a group of works whose arrangement is sufficiently unique to be copyrighted as a work itself. [75]

Compilation - A compilation is a collection of previously released tracks by one or more artists. [76]

Compilation is the second pass. [77]

The Compilation is a work-in-progress. [78]

The compilation is a genre-hopping mix of rock, pop, electronic, folk, blues, &c —a fittingly diverse analog for Metafilter itself. [79]

The compilation is a sequence of five phases. [80]

The compilation is a wonderful representation of the many forms of jazz. [81]


A Constitution is a written document which sets out how an organisation or group works. [82]

A constitution is a plan that provides the rules for a government. [83]

A constitution is a set of laws on how a country is governed. [84]

A constitution is a system, often codified in a written document, which establishes the rules and principles by which an organization is governed. [85]

A constitution is the framework for the government. A main body sets out a plan. [86]

The Constitution is a “living document” whose meaning changes over time. [87]

The Constitution is a grant of authority from We the People to form a government. [88]

The Constitution is a living force. [89]

The Constitution is a plan for government. [90]

The Constitution is a sacred social compact, forged between the government and the people, between each individual and the rest of the citizenry. [91]

The Constitution is a strong document, more powerful than any branch of government or any state. [92]

The Constitution is a written contract between the sovereign people and their government. [93]

The Constitution is the Supreme Law of the United States; however, it has its philosophical roots in the Declaration of Independence. [94]

The Constitution is the Supreme Law, one designed to enforce the principles in the Declaration of Independence. [95]

The Constitution is the cornerstone of all legislation and exercise of public power. [96]

The Constitution is the grant of authority for the government. [97]

The Constitution is the landmark legal document of the United States. [98]

The Constitution is the supreme law of the land. [99]

The Constitution is the written document. [100]

The Constitution was created to spell out the limited rights or powers given to the federal government. [101]


Convention is another word for a treaty and forms part of international law. [102]

It is unthinkable that the authors would use the word "convention" in bad faith, trying to put one over the reader. [103]

The Convention was passed and opened for ratification in February, 1985. At that time twenty nations signed, and five more signed within the month. [104]

The Convention was to have entered into force for the USSR on April 1, 1992. Prior to that date, the USSR dissolved. [105]

The convention was adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1984 and came into force three years later, when it was ratified by most members of the world body. [106]


Copyleft is a subset of copyright. []

Copyleft is a name for a type of license. []

Copyleft is a method of copyright licensing. []


A copyright is a federally granted right which protects the author's particular expression of an idea. [107]

A copyright is a grant by the United States of exclusive rights over the writings of an author, and includes software. [108]

A copyright is a grant by the United States of exclusive rights over the writings of an author, including software. [109]

A copyright is a legal designation that gives the authors of a piece of intellectual property some exclusive rights to their work. [110]

A copyright is a legal device that gives the creator of a literary, artistic, musical, or other creative work the sole right to publish and sell that work. [111]

A copyright is a valuable piece of property worth securing and protecting. [112]

A copyright is like personal property, and some or all rights may be assigned to another. [113]

A copyright is the only way to protect the expression of ideas, and attaches to fixed expression automatically. [114]

A copyright is the ownership and control of the intellectual property in original works of authorship, which is subject to copyright law. [115]

A copyright is the protection given by the United States government to authors and artists of literary and artistic works. [116]

A copyright is the right (as in right granted by a government) of an author to prevent a third party from copying their original work without a license. [117]

A copyright is the set of exclusive legal rights authors have over their works for a limited period of time. [118]

Copyright is a Western European idea widely codified towards the end of the 1700s, and until the 1900s only applied to written literary works. [119]

Copyright is a legal guarantee of a monopoly of the right to copy a particular work, originally intended for the benefit of the author of the work. [120]

Copyright is a legal, as opposed to a natural or equitable right, and every text on rights I have read says that legal rights cannot be abandoned. [121]

Copyright is a limited monopoly granted by a statute enacted by Congress. [122]

Copyright is a matter of fairness to authors, they argue. Authors own their creations and therefore should be free to control them. [123]

Copyright is a negative right, in the sense that it prevents another person from copying the author's work. [124]

Copyright is a relatively minor set of rights for the Public to surrender, and so the duration can be longer than Patent durations. [125]

Copyright is a set of exclusive rights regulating the use of a particular expression of an idea or information. [126]

Copyright is a specific form of intellectual property protection that protects only the expression of an idea, but not the idea itself. [127]


Copyrights are a hot topic today [see Boardwatch magazine's story about copyright/protection issues], and it's always better to be safe than sorry. [128]

Copyrights are a restricted bundle of rights, which means the author cannot prohibit all uses of a work, but only those for which he has exclusive rights. [129]

Copyrights are about the ownership of the artistic expression of an idea but not the idea itself or facts in the creative work. [130]

Copyrights are actually a bundle of rights. [131]

Copyrights are also created and governed by federal law. [132]

Copyrights are another form of protecting intellectual property. [133]

Copyrights are better than the Ergs, but nobody touches Bottlerocket in that department. [134]

Copyrights are defined by the Berne Convention, the WIPO, and in the US by the Consitution and subsequent laws. [135]

Copyrights are designed to protect artistic works, i.e., works that have no utility. [136]

Copyrights are different from patents and trademarks. [137]

Copyrights are generally enforced by the holder in a civil law court, but there are also criminal infringement statutes. [138]

Copyrights are generally enforced by the owner in a civil law court, but there are also criminal infringement statutes. [139]

Copyrights are granted for the term of the life of the author and an additional 50 years. [140]

Copyrights are legal protection offered to authors of creative and intellectual works. This protection is available for both published and unpublished works. [141]

Copyrights are not limited to the real world, they also apply to the Internet. [142]

Copyrights are not only on MIDI files, but on graphics, logos, and trademarks. [143]

Copyrights are not renewable. [144]

Copyrights are obtained the moment that you render a work (such as a book, musical composition or form of art) into its final form. [145]

Copyrights are protected in most countries through national laws and international treaties. [146]

Copyrights are registered by the Copyright Office of the Library of Congress. [147]


A Corporation is a more complex business structure. [148]

A corporation is a business structure created and regulated by state law. [149]

A corporation is a legal entity distinct from its shareholders. [150]

A corporation is a separate legal entity which exists under the authority granted by either provincial or federal law. [151]

Instead of the term "corporation", the term "title holder" is frequently also used. [152]


EMINENT DOMAIN - The government's right to acquire private property for public use. [153]


Eminent domain is a despotic power. [155]

Eminent domain is a fundamental and necessary municipal power. [156]

Eminent domain is a multi-step process, described below. Appendix B contains forms for this process. [157]

Eminent domain is a municipality’s power to take or acquire private property and put it to public use, a use the will benefit the entire community. [158]

Eminent domain is a peculiar area of the law, with very few attorneys having extensive experience. [159]

Eminent domain is a process government agencies can use to acquire property against the owner's wishes. [160]

Eminent domain is a required policy in our modern times. [161]

Eminent domain is a right held by the state and federal government to take property from its current owner. [162]

Eminent domain is a tool. [163]

Eminent domain is an ancient right of government. [164]

Eminent domain is the government’s right to acquire private property without the property owner’s consent. [165]

Eminent domain is the power of a government body to take private property for public use. [166]

Eminent domain is the power of government to take private land for public use. [167]

Eminent domain is the power of government to take private property for "public use" if the owner is fairly compensated. [168]

Eminent domain is the power of government to take private property for public use. [169]

Eminent domain is the power of the government to take private property for public use. [170]

Eminent domain was never meant to be used to "revitalize" anything. [171]


But proprietary software companies sometimes use the term "free software" to refer to price. [172]

Free software is a matter of freedom, not price. [173]

Free software is a matter of freedom: people should be free to use software in all the ways that are socially useful. [174]

It was introduced in 1984 by Richard Stallman under name "Free Software" and "Copyleft". [175]

See our list of translations of the term "free software" into various other languages. [176]

We prefer the term "free software" because it refers to freedom--something that the term "open source" does not do. [177]


Government is a pagan cult. []

Government is a monopoly on legal violence and the legal threat of that violence. []

The Government is a corporate body heading the executive system of the region. []


Governments are WFP's principal partners. The Agency consults with national and local authorities at every stage of the planning process. [178]

Governments are allowed to reduce any short term costs through various exceptions, for example to tackle public health problems. [179]

Governments are also creating their own venture-capital funds to invest directly in small companies. [180]

Governments are assuming undue authority. [181]

Governments are burdened by the costs of their legacy systems. [182]

Governments are cause of the world’s water crisis. [183]

Governments are collecting more taxes, without raising income tax, by making the sport of gambling more available and attractive to people. [184]

Governments are encouraging gambling on poker machines & casinos to raise taxes. [185]

Governments are formed in the provinces in much the same way as at the federal level. [186]

Governments are most important when one country is dealing with another. [187]

Governments are not known to be the swiftest in using IT to improve business. [188]

Governments are obliged, under international law, to act as the protectors of universal human rights. [189]

Governments are restricting subdivisions & councils are amalgamating. [190]

Governments are selling their natural resources, hawking for pennies resources that soon will be worth billions of dollars. [191]

Governments are thus initially beneficial to man and his societies. [192]


More importantly, we also assumed that the issue of foreign government ownership would only be a short-term problem. []

In this paper we investigate a neglected aspect of financial systems of many countries around the world: government ownership of banks. []


GPL was a strong Copyleft, and with the DRM clause it remains so. [193]

GPL was always about making the freedoms available to all. The intent, purpose, meaning, reasons for the changes in GPLv3 are nothing new. [194]

The GPL is the foundation stone of free software, and when you change the foundations of any edifice there's a strong risk of structural damage. [195]

The GPL is the reason why Microsoft is fighting Linux instead of "embracing and extending" it: the license terms prohibit their kind of closed development. [196]

The GPL was created by Richard Stallman in order to protect GNU software from being made proprietary. [197]

The GPL was created by Stallman in order to protect GNU software from being made proprietary. [198]


Human Rights are also about the prevention of the misuse of power. [199]

Human Rights are universal, and civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights belong to all human beings, including indigenous people. [200]

Human Rights: A decentralist critique, with proposals for reform. [201]

Human rights : a selective bibliography by Armins Rusis. [202]

Human rights are a human creation. [203]

Human rights are also not the same as 'natural rights' so I took the reference out. [204]

Human rights are an inextricable part of our lives. [205]

Human rights are based on respect for the dignity and worth of all human beings and seek to ensure freedom from fear and want. [206]

Human rights are becoming incorporated into many aspects of life; a type of social contract that fulfils people’s aspirations to live in dignity and freedom. [207]

Human rights are best thought of as potential moral guarantees for each human being to lead a minimally good life. [208]

Human rights are both inspirational and practical. [209]

Human rights are claims upon society. [210]

Human rights are designed to protect not only the individual but also individuals as members ‘of groups or communities. [211]

Human rights are enshrined in internationally recognised laws such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. [212]

Human rights are for everyone, everywhere and at all times. [213]

Human rights are founded upon the claim to moral objectivity, whether by appeal to interests or the will. [214]

Human rights are freedoms established by custom or international agreement that impose standards of conduct on all nations. [215]

Human rights are inalienable: you cannot lose these rights any more than you can cease being a human being. [216]

Human rights are indivisible, inalienable and universal. [217]

Human rights are international norms that help to protect all people everywhere from severe political, legal, and social abuses. [218]


Ideas are generally not patentable, although the invention applying the idea is patentable. [219]

Ideas are not abstract things. [220]

Ideas are not copyrightable -- although a particular expression of an idea probably is. [221]

Ideas are not protected by copyright; only the specific presentation of the ideas is copyrightable. [222]

Ideas are public property, in that no one may be legitimately excluded from their use. [223]


Individuals are by definition the elementary unit to which liberty and responsibility apply. [224]

Individuals are empowered by freeing them from dependence on government handouts and making them owners instead, in control of their own lives and destinies. [225]

Individuals are given certain Exclusive Rights to their works for a limited time. [226]

Individuals are part of a Community. [227]

Individuals are to be held responsible for these acts whether they were acting in their official capacities or as private individuals. [228]

Individuals were allowed to claim capital gains from business activities or transactions in shares to a lifetime maximum of $100,000. [229]


A list of individual owner operators contact information. []

Each individual owner has the right to vote in the unit owner’s association as outlined in the association’s bylaws. []


Individual owners are another method of chartering. [230]

Individual owners are entitled to four complimentary Day Badges. [231]

Individual owners are exempt when dealing for themselves. [232]

Individual owners are represented by the appropriate button. [233]

Individual owners are responsible for maintenance inside of their units, for insurance on contents, and for added improvements. [234]

Individual owners are responsible for obtaining vet services if needed. [235]

Individual owners are responsible for the care and maintenance of their locomotives and rolling stock. [236]

Individual owners are responsible for their own units and lots. [237]

The individual owners are responsible for circular distribution in their marketing area. [238]


Individual ownership is a bulwark of our society. If we allow government to intrude on our personal ownership, who can say where that might end. [239]

Individual ownership is the very bedrock of our modern and unprecedentedly affluent society. [240]


Individual property is also called private property. [241]


Individual rights are best protected by a collective commitment to mutual respect. [242]

Individual rights are distinct from civil rights as civil rights are rights granted by government and individual rights are assumed prior to government. [243]

Individual rights are inalienable --which means, they were not transferred to you by anyone or any government. [244]

Individual rights are not subject to a public vote; a majority has no right to vote away the rights of a minority. [245]

Individual rights are often codified into law so that they may be protected by impartial third parties such as governments. [246]

Individual rights are often seen as naturally compatible with the entrepreneurial independence of fishers. [247]

Individual rights are precisely what the UN's declaration is designed to destroy. [248]

Individual rights are the means of subordinating society to moral law. [249]

Individual rights are what Westerners usually have in mind -- involving free speech, privacy, personal property, due process. [250]

The Individual Rights are absolute forever. [251]

The Individual Rights are never and can never be considered semi-absolute or semi inalienable. [252]

The Individual Rights are the individual rights of every single human being regardless of gender, sexual orientation or color of skin. [253]


An innovation is an applied invention. [254]

An innovation is an idea, practice, or object that is perceived as new by an individual or other unit of adoption. [255]

An innovation is the commercially successful use of the solution. [256]

An innovation is the development of a solution to a technical or organizational problem. [257]

Innovation is a process of taking new ideas through to satisfied customers. It is the conversion of new knowledge into new products and services. [258]

Innovation is the conversion of knowledge into money. [259]

Innovation is the result of Innovativeness, of being innovative. [260]


Also unfortunate in the CDDL is its use of the term "intellectual property". [261]

An intellectual property is a patent, copyright, trademark, service mark, or trade secret. [262]

In fact, the term "intellectual property" is a misnomer, a more correct term would be intellectual monopoly. [263]

Intellectual Property is a broad class of property, similar to 'real estate' (land), and 'chattels' (movable physical goods). [264]

Intellectual Property is a complicated subject. [265]

Intellectual Property is a frequently used term without a particularly concrete definition. [266]

Intellectual Property is a legal, publicly declared grant of a monopolistic position. [267]

Intellectual Property is a misuse of language often used to confuse people about their rights and responsibilities. [268]

Intellectual Property is a rapidly evolving area of law. [269]

Intellectual Property is a valuable corporate asset and a strategic business tool. [270]

Intellectual Property is an interpretation of these legal systems that puts monetary concerns over all others, including credit and fame. [271]

Intellectual property is a broad, broad field, and anyone contemplating a career in this field needs to understand this. [272]

Intellectual property is a category of intangible property which includes patents and copyrights. [273]

Intellectual property is a creation of the mind. [274]

Intellectual property is a critical component of your competitive advantage. [275]

Intellectual property is a dynamic area which endeavours to keep pace with the ever increasing speed with which technology is changing our world. [276]

Intellectual property is a generic term which encompasses all expressions of human creativity. [277]

Intellectual property is a key focus at Holland & Knight and we provide you with high quality IP services from a global platform. [278]

Intellectual property is a legal concept which deals with creations of human ingenuity. [279]


An invention is a new and innovative creation or method that may be protected by registration as a patent. [280]

An invention is a new and useful method or product that has unique features and real advantages for an end user. [281]

An invention is a new and useful process, machine, article of manufacture, or composition of matter, or new and useful improvement upon them. [282]

An invention is a novel and useful idea relating to processes, machines, manufactures, and compositions of matter. [283]

An invention is a product or a process that provides a new way of doing something, or offers a new technical solution to a problem. [284]

An invention is a technical concept that is distinguished by being a world-wide novelty in terms of technological development and by not being obvious. [285]

An invention is a technical solution to a specific problem. [286]

An invention is defined as a new or useful process, machine, manufacture, or composition-of-matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof. [287]

An invention is the physical embodiment of a discovery. [288]

An invention is the solution to a problem. [289]

Can You Patent That? In patent law, the term "invention" is defined loosely so that it can encompass a wide variety of objects. [290]

Do a quick check on the FTC's website at and perform a global search on the word "invention". [291]

In patent law, the term "invention" is defined loosely so that it can encompass a wide variety of objects. [292]

Invention is a technological advancement qualifying for patent protection under the patent laws of the United States. [293]

Invention is the creation of a new concept. [294]

Invention is the first stage in the process of innovation. [295]

Invention: A creation of intellectual property that did not exist previously. [296]

The invention is a method and apparatus for linking to a file in a UNIX operating system. [297]

The invention is a result of research and development done by Switchboard to display directory content and advertising with minimal latency. [298]

The invention is defined by the claims, so a contribution that qualifies someone as an inventor must relate to some aspect of one or more of the claims. [299]

The invention is defined in the patent through one or more claims which are very precise explanations of the scope of an invention. [300]


Inventions are considered joint as long as more than one person each made an original contribution to the subject matter of at least one claim in the patent. [301]

Inventions are disclosed by submitting an invention disclosure form (that can be found on the forms page) to the OTT. [302]

Inventions are either products or processes. [303]

Inventions are novel and non-obvious, and can be protected by patents. [304]

Inventions are usually identified by formal reviews of research activities and technical reports, or by the individual inventor and his/her associates. [305]


An inventor is a natural person, not a company. [306]

An inventor is a person who creates new materials, methods, or technical, mechanical, and tactile objects. [307]

An inventor is a person who has had an original idea or otherwise contributed intellectual input to one of the claims of a patent. [308]

An inventor is a person who made a mental contribution to the conception or development of the new, useful, and non-obvious discovery. [309]

An inventor is a person who made an inventive contribution to the invention as defined by the claims of the patent application. [310]

An inventor is a person who makes an original, significant intellectual contribution leading to the conception of the invention. [311]

An inventor is any one who contributes to the subject matter of one or more of the claims of the application. [312]

An inventor is any person who makes an intellectual contribution to a claimed invention in its full, final and operable form. [313]

An inventor is one who "conceives" and—either personally or through someone else—actually or constructively reduces the invention to practice. [314]

An inventor is one who conceives and either personally or through someone else reduces the invention to practice. [315]

An inventor is one who makes creative input, or conceives of an invention. [316]

An inventor is the one who first conceives of the invention in sufficient detail that someone skilled in the art could reproduce the invention. [317]

Inventor is a person who pursuant to United States patent law conceives of an Invention that is subsequently reduced to practice. [318]

Inventor is defined as any individual associated with the University who makes an invention. [319]

The inventor is an important resource in the licensing negotiation. [320]

The inventor is the individual who has conceived of the invention, provided of course that there has been a reduction to practice. [321]

The inventor is the person entitled to ownership of the patent, however ownership can be assigned. [322]

The inventor is the person or persons who conceived of the invention. [323]

The inventor is the student’s advisor or the director of his or her thesis or dissertation research. [324]


Inventors are encouraged to participate in the process and will be kept informed of progress. [325]

Inventors are given three months to respond to an Office Action. A three month extension can be obtained after payment of a fee. [326]

Inventors are sometimes very effective at taking the lead in commercialising their own inventions. [327]

Inventors are those who conceive of and reduce an invention to practice. [328]

Inventors are those who conceived of the idea that is the invention. [329]

Inventors are those who conceived the invention and/or contributed intellectually to its reduction to practice. [330]

Inventors are vissionaries and navigating the US Patent Office to obtain a patent can be pretty intimidating. [331]

Inventors are well advised to ask a patent agent to look after this process on their behalf. [332]

The inventors are kept informed of the progress of the negotiations and are consulted before any critical decisions are made. [333]

The inventors are the statutory patent owners and may assign the patent rights by an assignment to others. [334]


Inventorship is a key determination in establishing patent rights. [335]

Inventorship is a legal concept that is based upon who meets the requirements to be an inventor. [336]

Inventorship is a legal determination of the patent attorney or patent agent, based on application of facts to the legal framework. [337]

Inventorship is a legal determination. [338]

Inventorship is a legal issue that is determined by a patent attorney. [339]

Inventorship is a legal standard. [340]

Inventorship is a legal term rooted in both statute and in case law. [341]

Inventorship is a question of law that we review de novo. Ethicon, Inc. v. U.S. Surgical Corp., 135 F.3d 1456, 1460, 45 USPQ2d 1545, 1547 (Fed. [342]

Inventorship is an extremely important and often misunderstood issue. [343]

Inventorship is an important legal determination that can ultimately affect the validity of an issued patent. [344]

Inventorship is an important legal principle often invoked when applying for patents and enforcing patent rights. [345]

Inventorship is probably the single most important concept in patent law. [346]


Judges are appointed by the chief executive. [347]

Judges are appointed to serve until the age of 65 and may extend their terms until the age of 70 if they remain in good physical and mental health. [348]

Judges are primarily concerned with the rights of individuals. That is what court cases are all about. [349]

The judges are appointed by the King. [350]

The judges are chosen on the basis of their qualifications and not on their nationality. [351]


Land is a common property of Nations, Nationalities and Peoples of Ethiopia and shall not be subject to sale or to other means of transfer. [352]

Land is an asset, a resource, one of the factors of production. [353]

Land was not part of property, but rather was its own category. [354]

Land: All the land is held by Muni until some time in the future for development. [355]

The land was cultivated in common, and the produce divided among all, in proportion to the number of labourers in each family. [356]

The land was far greater than any personal possession; the land was reflective of Aboriginal life past, present and future. [357]

The land was redistributed to tenants, workers and peasants in ejidos. These were communally owned but worked mostly in small parcels by individual families. [358]


Landowners are eligible for a 10 year contract of annual rental payments in this practice. [359]

Landowners are encouraged to take an active role in preparing this plan and in learning about the practices involved in managing their woodlot. [360]

Landowners are hungry -- and overdue -- for more understanding and patience from urban Oregon. [361]

Landowners are less likely to cooperate if their land isn't being respected. [362]

Landowners are not permitted to hunt their land unless agreed to in the contract and the landowners become members. [363]

Landowners are required to have or to request a conservation plan on the land where the practice will be applied. [364]

Landowners are responsible for payment to contractors, fertilizer dealers, and others who provide equipment, services or materials for the practice. [365]

Landowners: A Review of the Research Literature, May 2001. [366]

The landowners are immune to the law, empowered politically and economically by their contribution to the country's farm exports, he said. [367]


The Legislative branch is a bicameral National Assembly or Rathasapha, which consists of the Senate or Wuthisapha. [368]

The Legislative branch is a unicameral Legislative Assembly containing 57 seats. [369]

The Legislative branch is a unicameral Legislative Assembly with 72 seats. [370]

The legislative branch is a bicameral Parliament that consists of House of Lords and House of Commons. [371]

The legislative branch is a unicameral Parliament which consists of 83 seats, and members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms. [372]

The legislative branch is a unicameral parliament and is called the Folketing. [373]


Liberty is a 3-year-old Cremella Quarterhorse-type filly with blue eyes. [374]

Liberty is a condition of not being molested by other human beings, either in one's own body or in one's rightfully owned property. [375]

Liberty is an independent human rights organisation - we are not overseen or regulated by a representative or umbrella body. [376]

Liberty is the legal absence of restrictions other than the prohibition of coercive harm. [377]

Liberty is the state of being free from captivity, imprisonment or slavery; the right or power to act and think as one chooses. [378]

Liberty is to faction what air is to fire, an aliment without which it instantly expires. [379]


Libraries are archives of object files created with the ar command. [380]

Libraries are generally divided into four types: Public, School, Academic, and Special. [381]

Libraries are one of the great bulwarks of democracy. [382]

Libraries are threatened because the publishers of scholarly digital information are seeking more money and more control while library budgets shrink. [383]

Libraries were discussed previously in this report. [384]


A license is a grant of permission to do something with an otherwise protected work or product. [385]

A license is a written grant of rights by one party to another party for specific purposes. [386]

A license is an agreement that allows someone else to use or sell your invention for a limited period of time. [387]

A license is an example of an assignment or sale of rights in the invention. [388]

License - An agreement granting to another party the right to make, use and sell a patented invention without the transfer of title to the patent. [389]

The license was called "General Public License". [390]


Myth: The overseeing department manager may be listed on the patent as an inventor even he did not directly contribute to the invention. [391]

Myth: a patent gives the patent owner the right to make a product. [392]

Myth: the inventor needs to make a prototype before he prepares a patent application. [393]

Myth: the inventor needs to scientifically explain how or why his invention works. [394]

Myth: the patent protects everything described in the text of the specification and depicted in the drawings. [395]


John Locke, a man the Founders looked to for the philosophical foundations of this nation, used the term "Natural Law" in his Second Treatise on Government. [396]

Natural Law is the collection of rights/laws proceeding directly from the nature of man. [397]

Natural law is a method, not a code. [398]

Natural law was deemed to pre-exist actual social and political systems. [399]

Natural law was discovered (not invented, not created, discovered) by the stoic philosophers. [400]

Natural law was taught in the great Universities of Oxford, Salamanca, Prague, and Krakow, and in many other places. [401]

Natural law was the norm, both morally and in practice. [402]

The natural law was inherently teleological in that it aimed at human happiness. [403]

The term "natural law" is ambiguous. [404]


Natural Rights are based on factual evidence that we can see for ourselves or prove via the scientific method. [405]

Natural rights are God-given or nature derived, not government granted as is the case with UN rights. [406]

Natural rights are conditions of existence for the proper survival of humans. [407]

Natural rights are gifts from nature. [408]

Natural rights are inalienable: they are not conferred by any judicial or political process nor can they be removed by these or other means. [409]

Natural rights are indeed contested - by social authortarians, for example who want to impose their vision of society on others. [410]

Natural rights are not only genuine rights, but they are timeless, possible to achieve, and require human action for their violation. [411]

Natural rights are rights conferred by derivative natural laws. [412]

Natural rights are the basis for the theory of government shared by most branches of liberalism (including libertarianism). [413]

Natural rights are the rights that we have in the state of nature. We don't have these rights in civilized society. [414]

Natural rights are those rights that are indispensably necessary for man to fulfill his potential on this earth. [415]

Natural rights are those which appertain to man in right of his existence. [416]

Natural rights are universal rights that are seen as inherent in the nature of the world, and not contingent on human actions or beliefs. [417]

Natural rights is a Hobbsean/Lockean, not a Thomist, idea. [418]

Natural rights were thereby presented as ultimately valid irrespective of whether they had achieved the recognition of any given political ruler or assembly. [419]

Natural rights were thereby similarly presented as rights individuals possessed independently of society or polity. [420]

The term "natural rights" refers specifically to a theory of government, that is by its very nature contractarian. [421]


Open Content is a Gift Economy. [422]

Open Content is a copyleft philosophy adopted from the very successful Open Source movement in software development. [423]

Open Content is a mess principally because it is a young field. [424]

Open Content is also called "Free" and "Public" depending on who you ask. [425]

Open content is a good fit for companies wanting to take advantage of person-to-person networks, file sharing, and digital copying. [426]

Open content is a term devoid of any useful meaning. [427]

Open content is a wider field than open source, and in fact is a superset of FLOSS. [428]

Open content is similar to the open source computer programs in some respects, and different in others. [429]

The term "open content" can be found in a special license for content, which was inspired by licenses for products developed as open source. [430]


Describing non-free software as "closed" clearly refers to the term "open source". [431]

Open Source is a phenomenon that is growing in momentum, membership, and market share. [432]

Open Source is a philosophy that is based on collaboration, community and the collective ownership of intellectual property. [433]

Open Source is an invented term and has the advantage of not carrying any historic meanings to confuse people. [434]

Open Source software The term "open source" software is used by some people to mean more or less the same category as free software. [435]

The term "Open Source" has no legal definition, and is not Trademark protected, so anyone could conceivably claim Open Source on their software. [436]

The term "Open Source" wasn't coined until 1998. [437]

The term "open source" was coined merely two years ago (1998)1, and is now a media buzzword (Raymond, 205). [438]


Owners are expected to comply fully with both all rules and all decisions of the commissioner and failure to do so may result in removal. [439]

Owners are issued a $255 ticket for the first violation, but that could accelerate to a court summons and fine as high as $5,000 for repeated offences. [440]

Owners are more likely to know in advance of purchase what they are buying into and to understand the sanctions should they fail to play their part. [441]

Owners are required to file a copy of their insurance policy with management and to notify it if the policy is canceled. [442]

The owners are just completing a new paint job using sterling and a roll and tip process. [443]


In the end, President Bush's ownership society turns the word "ownership" on its head. [444]

Ownership is a finality. [445]

Ownership is a transferrable right: you have the right to control the resource, and the right to transfer that right. [446]

Ownership is a way for some to build something of their own. Others see ownership primarily as the path to a less-elevated goal: wealth. [447]

Ownership is the key building block in the development of the capitalist socio-economic system. [448]

Ownership is the socially supported power to exclusively control and use for one's own purposes, that which is owned. [449]

Ownership is the ultimate control and direction of a resource. [450]


Ownership types are types of objects that are parameterized by an owner object. [451]


A partnership is a for-profit business association of two or more persons. [452]

A partnership is a legal entity recognized under the law and as such it has rights and responsibilities in and of itself. [453]

A partnership is a national strategic relationship between DIMIA (through the Living in Harmony programme) and community, business, and government partners. [454]

A partnership is a relationship between persons carrying on a profit-motivated business in common. [455]

A partnership is a tax-reporting entity, not a tax-paying entity. [456]

A partnership is an unincorporated business that is carried on by two or more people who intend to share the business profits. [457]

A partnership is the most common form of ownership. [458]

A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to carry on a trade or business. [459]

PARTNERSHIP - An association of two or more people who agree to share in the profits and losses of a business venture. [460]

Partnership is a commitment to a way of living, it is a way of life based on harmony with nature, nonviolence, and gender, racial, and economic equity. [461]

Partnership is a very effective method of development. [462]

The partnership is a business where two or more individuals pool their assets, abilities and talent toward a common objective profit. [463]

The partnership is a popular and useful form of business organization. [464]


Partnerships are a sound investment for both the near and long term. [465]

Partnerships are crucial for UNICEF to accelerate progress in girls’ education. [466]

Partnerships are effective tools for improving health in communities. [467]

Partnerships are illiquid and partners must stay with the firm until clients discover their types and update the firm's reputation. [468]

Partnerships are limited to between two and ten people. They can be formed between anyone - family, friends, work mates, sports teams, whoever. [469]

Partnerships are opaque so that the willingness of clients to pay depends upon reputation. [470]

Partnerships are the foundation of natural resources conservation on private lands. [471]

Partnerships are thought to be in the middle of a continuum that describes the commitment level of these activities. [472]

Partnerships are treated as a conduit and are, therefore, not subject to taxation." Black's Law Dictionary, 6th edition, 1991. [473]

Partnerships is what enables many companies to make continuous improvements. [474]


A patent is a form of legal protection for inventions. []

A patent is the most reliable tool to protect one’s invention. []

A patent is a property right granted to an inventor by the Government. []


Patents are a form of property. [475]

Patents are a great tool to give inventors ownership of their ideas. However, it is not always necessary or beneficial to get a patent. [476]

Patents are a hard problem. [477]

Patents are a modernized mechanism of the feudal system. This very list suggest that it takes many more than one, to create that which serves our society. [478]

Patents are a palpable, legally-binding manifestation of a person's genius and innovation; they allow a person to actually own an idea. [479]

Patents are a part of a larger subset called 'Intellectual Property (IP)' which grant monopoly to those with new ideas or knowledge. [480]

Patents are a privilege, the cost of which is borne by the public. [481]

Patents are a time limited monopoly granted by the government in recognition of novel and innovative ideas which clearly extend well past prior art. [482]

Patents are about functional and technical aspects of products and processes. [483]

Patents are also a great source of useful technical information available to the public (which otherwise would have been kept secret). [484]

Patents are also counted as a publication by the inventor(s) for resumés and job applications. [485]

Patents are also incompatible with many models used by Free Software. [486]

Patents are awarded to the person(s) who first invents something (novelty requirement). [487]

Patents are being granted for "inventions" which are obvious. [488]

Patents are being granted on human genes and on techniques to alter the fate of human reproduction. [489]

Patents are business assets. [490]

Patents are commercial tools and regardless of philosophy it is commercially naïve to ignore the opportunities they present. [491]

Patents are designed to confer a unique advantage on the private inventor for a period of time. [492]

Patents are disclosures with strict monopoly over usage. [493]

Patents are especially important in the medical field, because companies bear immense expenses to develop a commercial product. [494]


A patent application is a complex legal document that describes an invention in detail. [495]

A patent application is a complex legal document, best prepared by one trained to prepare such documents. [496]

A patent application is a legal document which must comply with United States (and sometimes foreign) regulations. [497]

A patent application is a legal document. Write it the wrong way and your application may not be accepted or your patent protection may be inadequate. [498]

A patent application is a request pending at a patent office for the grant of a patent for the invention described and claimed by that application. [499]

A patent application is an official document which is filed with the United States Patent and Trademark Office requesting patent protection for an invention. [500]


Patent applications are accompanied by a description of the item to be patented. [501]

Patent applications are confidential at the early stages. [502]

Patent applications are generally published 18 months after the earliest priority date of the application. [503]

Patent applications are not filed on every invention disclosure. [504]

Patent applications are received at the rate of over 350,000 per year. [505]

Patent applications are required to be held confidential by the PTO during the time of their pendency. [506]

Patent applications are subject to a basic fee and additional fees for searching, examination, and issuing. [507]

Patent applications are subject to the payment of a basic fee and additional fees that include search fees, examination fees, and issue fees. [508]


Patent rights are broader in that they can be asserted against anyone. [509]

Patent rights are enforced by filing a lawsuit in one of the federal district courts in the United States. [510]

Patent rights are granted by national Patent Offices, and so patent protection for an invention must be sought in each country individually. [511]

Patent rights are granted only to the first, original, and true inventor of a subject matter. [512]

Patent rights are included under the “other conditions of employment” provision. [513]

Patent rights are limited in time, usually to a maximum of 20 years from the date of filing of the first patent application. [514]

Patent rights are narrower in that anyone can build on what can be learned from the patent, so long as they avoid the claims. [515]

Patent rights are not automatic like Copyright. [516]

Patent rights are territorial, meaning that a U.S. patent does not extend beyond the boundaries of the United States. [517]

Patent rights are the right to do or authorise the doing of anything that would, but for that right, be an infringement of the patent. [518]


Personal Property is a person's belongings, such as clothing or jewelry. [519]

Personal Property is defined as the readily moveable tangible assets of a business or corporation. [520]

Personal Property is the tangible (physical) assets of a business. Personal Property should not be confused with real property. [521]

Personal property are the common possesions of all Halladis. [522]

Personal property is a type of property. [523]

Personal property is any property other than buildings or land. [524]


Private Property is a positive right Free State Project Forum 148757 Posts in 10433 Topics by 4429 Members / Latest Member: zombiema7 Welcome, Guest. [525]

Private property is a bulwark of liberty. [526]

Private property is a bundle of rights that gives owners discretion over the use of resources. [527]

Private property is a foundation principal that has set our country apart from the rest. [528]

Private property is a foundational element of our United States. [529]

Private property is a human device. [530]

Private property is a pillar of the free society idea, but it's a shaky pillar in today's world. [531]

Private property is a traditional right in our society, but some behave as though it were the most basic right of all, an article of faith. [532]

Private property is also a necessary condition of justice. [533]

Private property is an alternative to both collective and common property. [534]

Private property is the legally- and socially- sanctioned ability to exclude others--it allows the fortunate owner to force others to go elsewhere. [535]

Private property was essential to preserve and expand the individual freedom that man enjoyed in the state of nature. [536]

The use of the term "private property" necessarily refers to the rights individual persons have in or to that particular thing. [537]


Property owners are also responsible for maintaining unpaved alleys next to their property. [538]

Property owners are eligible for partial reimbursement for the cost of replacing their lead service line. [539]

Property owners are entitled to be paid for their land and buildings when the City invokes eminent domain. [540]

Property owners are responsible for all the costs that may be associated with these actions. [541]

Property owners are responsible for providing a temporary or permanent driveway so that vehicles do not drive over sidewalks, planting strips or curbs. [542]


Property rights are a function of what others are willing to acknowledge. [543]

Property rights are a person-person relationship with respect to participation in decisions regarding the use of resources. [544]

Property rights are an extension to the right to life. [545]

Property rights are an indispensable requirement of a free society – That is why they must be restored. [546]

Property rights are at the center of civilization. [547]

Property rights are basic to all rights. [548]

Property rights are bought up by those most able to afford them and it is the owners of private property who determine its fate. [549]

Property rights are found in the oldest laws written down, and equate the expectation of Use or profit to Some payment from the very beginning. [550]

Property rights are human rights. [551]

Property rights are individual, not communal. c. [552]

Property rights are not just another human right; such a statement understates the case. [553]

Property rights are now recognized as essential for economic progress. In a property rights regime, the public benefits from privately owned goods. [554]

Property rights are protected in the current laws of Sates usually found in the form of a Constitution or a Bill of Rights. [555]

Property rights are usually construed narrowly to cover only things that can be exchanged, given away, or abandoned. [556]

Property rights were an issue in the last election cycle. [557]

Property rights were conspicuously missing from the President's list. [558]


Property taxes are a significant expense for homeowners, yet represent one of the largest sources of frustration and confusion. [559]

Property taxes are assessed on the value of all real property and some business-owned personal property as of April 1 of each year. [560]

Property taxes are not a fee for service, but a way of distributing the cost for local services and programs throughout the municipality. [561]

Property taxes are not paid for services rendered in a prior year. [562]

Property taxes are so low here that if they were raised by a third, Alabama would still have the lowest property taxes in the nation. [563]

Property taxes are the product of the property tax rate and the taxable value, and the assessment increase limitation only affects the taxable value. [564]

Property taxes are the result of multiplying the assessed value times the mill levy for the taxing area. [565]

Property taxes are the traditional source of revenue for municipalities, schools and other units of local government. [566]


Public Domain is the state when the Author's rights have expired and the rights become Public. [567]

The public domain is a space where intellectual property protection does not apply. [568]


Self-ownership is one of the cornerstones of laissez-faire capitalist ideology. [569]

The capitalist system, however, has undermined this principle, and ironically, has used the term "self-ownership" as the "logical" basis for doing so. [570]


Slavery is the antithesis to freedom and so, in theory, contract and slavery must be mutually exclusive. [571]

Slavery was allowed, if regulated to prevent the more egregious abuses. [572]

Slavery was cheap labor; it was also dear labor. [573]

Slavery was more than a contradiction, it was something that affected millions of people, black and white, and distorted American politics for all time. [574]

Slavery was more than a contradiction. [575]


Society is a complex beast. [576]

Society is a product of its humanity. [577]

Society is the projection of us in relationship with another, in which the need and use are predominant. [578]

Society is the relationship that we establish or seek to establish between each other. [579]


Software Patents are a relatively new twist to IP law. [580]

Software Patents are discussed in their own Software Patent Section of BitLaw. [581]

Software Patents are problematic for Open Source projects. [582]

Software patents are a barrier to a free market in information technology. [583]

Software patents are evil. [584]

Software patents are not the same as software copyright. [585]

Software patents are now being granted at an alarming rate--by some counts, more than a thousand are issued each year. [586]

Software patents are still in the news. [587]


A Sole Proprietorship is one individual or married couple in business alone. [588]

A sole proprietorship is a business owned and operated by one individual. [589]

A sole proprietorship is a one-person business that is not registered with the state like a limited liability company (LLC) or corporation. [590]

A sole proprietorship is an unincorporated solely-owned business. [591]

Sole Proprietorship - A business concern that is owned by a socially and economically disadvantaged minority, woman or person. [592]


A trademark is a distinctive name, phrase, symbol, design, picture, or style used by a business to identify itself and its products to consumers. [593]

A trademark is a name, word, symbol, or device which allows the trademark owner to dictate its use in identifying a product, e.g., logos and names. [594]

A trademark is a sign that is used in the course of trade to identify the origin of goods or services. [595]

A trademark is a specific name, term, logo, design or symbol that is used in commerce to identify the origin of specific goods or services. [596]

A trademark is a specific name, term, logo, design or symbol that is used to identify the source, product, producer, or distributor of goods or services. [597]


Trademarks are marks used by their owners to identify goods or services distinctively. [598]

Trademarks are symbols associated with a good, service or company. [599]

Trademarks are to protect ownership of names, titles, slogans, images, etc. [600]

Trademarks are used to distinguish products of a manufacturer or vendor from similar products offered by other manufacturers or vendors. [601]

Trademarks are used to protect a distinctive symbol or name which is used to identify a business or product. [602]

Trademarks: A trademark is a name to identify a product or service with its source. [603]


The trade secrets are valuable and can give a business or organization a competitive advantage. [604]

Trade Secrets are formulae, chemical compositions, recipes, devices, or patterns that are not patented and are known only by the owner and key employees. [605]

Trade Secrets are more often, but less famously, used for internal information, such as customer lists, product road maps, etc. [606]

Trade Secrets are those data kept from a public forum, they are valuable but don't have legal statutory status. [607]

Trade Secrets: A trade secret can cover any special, secret information used in business. [608]

Trade secrets are another way to suppress technological development. [609]

Trade secrets are proprietary information. [610]

Trade secrets are protected by law but, unlike patents, do not have to be published openly. [611]

Trade secrets are protected under state law only. [612]


A TRUST is a right of property held by one party for the benefit of another. [613]

A trust is one of the most flexible holding and planning vehicles. [614]

The Trust was established in October 2000 to provide assistance to existing and prospective new businesses and to work with local and regional organisations. [615]


Wikipedia is a free public international encylopedia that anyone with internet access can modify and contribute to. [616]

Wikipedia is a great example of why the policy issues that Public Knowledge focuses on are important. [617]

Wikipedia is a kind of encyclopedia with more that 100,000 articles in its database. [618]

Wikipedia is a multilingual, Web-based free content encyclopedia project. [619]

Wikipedia was served from a single server until 2004, when the server setup was expanded into a distributed multitier architecture. [620]


Categories: Glossaries>Glossary of Ownership Types

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